Guiding Questions

This page is devoted to exploring questions such as:

  • How can we help others to try on new perspectives long enough that a change in thinking can occur?
  • How do cultures and subcultures influence change?
  • How might we take advantage of "informal system behaviors" to create formal change? (Thompson, p. 9)
  • How might you establish links to key people in other fields that could create a critical mass of energized leadership for change?

Key Principles

  • True learning, by its very nature, produces change.
  • A change in thinking always precedes a change in action.
  • Thus, leading change is not so much about getting people to engage in the physical actions of change as it is about helping them to try on new perspectives.
  • Once perspective has shifted, cognitive, conceptual, emotional, physical, and social change will follow--particularly if a culture or context supportive of that change has been simultaneously established.
  • Meaningful learning must be the paramount goal, then, for teachers and for students!
  • This has major implications for the work of leadership.

Agenda - Literacy, Language, & Learning: A Rationale for Change

Emerging Technologies . . .

A Rationale for Redefining Literacy

Implications for Language Learning


iPod Interviews: (iPod experts stand, 2 additional participants join them to form groups of 3, each person interviews someone else on their iPods using the questions below as prompts. When finished, remove the earphones you are using, trade iPods with someone else, and listen to another person's interview. Listen to a total of 3 interviews.)

  • What was your biggest aha from this morning?
  • What implications does this have for your PERSONAL teaching and learning context?
  • One more question of your choice

How might you envision using iPods in the classroom?

Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants by Marc Prensky - Say Something to a Partner

Literacy by Design: Why Is All This Technology So Important? - Think about this quote as you watch the video that follows:

“Seen any papyrus scrolls lately? . . . No? Guess why not? They used to be the very latest form of text, totally en vogue. The most literate people used them. But guess what? The scroll was supplanted—totally obliterated and replaced by a new kind of text: the medieval codex . . . . Been to the local library lately? Seen any codices? No? Why not? Because a new technology came along that made the codex totally and utterly obsolete. Yes, Gutenberg’s printing press and Gutenberg’s book created a completely new kind of writing space—one that was more efficient and effective. So the codex became history. And the scribes? They became obsolete, too! Do you want that to happen to you—or to your students?" (Wilhelm, 2000, pp. 5-6).

Implications for Personal Change

Help Desk - Why was this video so hysterically funny? What implications does it have for your present personal and professional contexts?

The Cultural Triangle: A Framework for Understanding Change

Products, Practices, & Perspectives

The Cultural Triangle & Foreign Language

The Cultural Triangle & Fast Food

The Cultural Triangle & Digital Natives

Designing for Change

Perspectives: Getting Outside of the Box

Hooper, Don W. (2001, October). Virtual learning, in the box or out? The School Administrator. Retrieved June 28, 2007, from

Here's to the Crazy Ones

Evelyn Glennie: How to Listen to Music with Your Whole Body - Interesting video with major implications for listening as a form of leadership, listening as a path to achieving innovation, suggestions for changing the focus of our teaching, how we embed our message in our "music," and the ways that our preconceptions prevent us from creating change - chericem1 chericem1

Practices: Getting Innovations Into The Box

Stages of Innovation - In order to advocate effectively, it is important to understand that your audience is likely to be comprised of a number of different groups with distinct characteristics, each of which needs an approach tailored to their specific needs and concerns.

Landscape of the Technology Adoption Cycle (Bell Curve of Adopters) - What are some of the ways that advocacy can be used to bridge the chasm between early adopters and the early majority?

Phases of Adoption - By considering how the perspective of each person you encounter corresponds to the yellow chart in this article, you can better identify where they are on the adoption continuum regarding the initiative you are proposing and what kind of support they need in order to move to the next phase.

Elevator Advocacy in 30 Seconds or Less:

Products: Resistance

Change & the Walls of Resistance - This graphic demonstrates the key role that perspective plays in the change process and illustrates the high cost of a major shift in perspective

Where Do Change Initiatives Break Down? - Knowing-Doing Gap - A great synopsis of some of the factors that keep people who know what to do from doing it.

Beyond Resistance Article - Outlines 3 majors reasons people resist and offers suggestions for addressing each one.

Designing for Change: Getting Around the Wall with Paradigm Shifts (The Power of Combining Design & Emerging Technologies)

Rhetorical Triangle - This graphic depicts 3 key elements that must be considered when designing advocacy efforts designed to produce change

Stages of Change, Enabling Factors, & Channels - This graphic lists the stages of change, the kind of support that is needed at each level, and the kind of media that is most well-suited to providing that support.

Text & Graphical Layout - FANTASTIC summary of the what, why, & how of basic principles of graphic design from the Non-designer's Design Book by Robin Williams. Beautiful design, solid visual examples and non-examples, each principle in its own tab, but all visible from the homepage.

Basic Principles of Visual Design - A one-page PDF handout that outlines the basic principles of graphic design (proximity, alignment, repetition, and contrast) from The Non-designer's Design Book by Robin Williams that are explained in the site above.

The Principles of Design - Expands on the 4 basic principles of design (Proximity, Alignment, Repetition, & Contrast) and includes examples and links to resources that emphasize the cognitive and psychological bases of the PARC principles.

Publicizing Your Professionalism

  • Resumes
  • Websites
    • Google Page Creator - Choose a template, enter your text, and publish your page with this free, easy-to-use, online tool from Google.

Publicizing Your Program

  • Coloring Books
    • Dumpr - This free online suite of tools allows you to edit your Flickr photos in order to turn them into coloring book images (VERY COOL), make them look old, turn them into globes, or add reflections. You can then save them to your Flickr account. (Still in beta)

    • Generator Blog - A fantastic blog that contains links to all sorts of free, interesting generators (such as cereal boxes, insurance cards, money, etc.) that would be great tools for students to use in creating creative advertising campaigns

  • Scrapbooks
    • Scrapblog - Combines the purposes and multimedia features of blogging with the visual affordances of scrapbooking. Comes with built-in templates and can accommodate music and video too

    • VoiceThread - Easy way to connect photos and voices--particularly useful for emphasizing language without ignoring visual (in FL classes, for example). Would also be great for capturing family history.

  • T-shirts
    • - Type in a website and it will generate a word cloud for a t-shirt based on the most commonly used words on the site that you can customize.

Latest Links


"Organizational structures will move in relation to one another" (Thompson & Willis, 1998, p. 13).


(More coming soon!)

Block, Peter. (2003). The answer to how is yes: Acting on what matters. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc. ISBN 1-57675-271-2.
A phenomenal, thought-provoking book that reframes change in terms of the "why" instead of the "how," and in so doing, expands perspectives on how to reculture an organization in order to initiate, implement, and sustain meaningful change.

Fullan, Michael. (1993). Innovation, reform, and restructuring strategies. In G. Cawelti (Ed.). Challenges and achievements of American education: 1993 yearbook of the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, pp. 116-133. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision & Curriculum Development.

Lundin, Stephen C., Harry Paul, & John Christensen. (2000). Fish! NY: Hyperion. ISBN 0-7868-6602-0.

Maurer, Rick. (n.d.). Resistance to change: Why it matters and what to do about it. Beyond Resistance. Retrieved June 22, 2007, from
Rick Maurer defines resistance, outlines 3 types of resistance (lack of information, emotional/physiological, and systemic), explains why typical approaches to change fail, and offers approaches to addressing resistance.

Maurer, Rick. (n.d.). 23 great ideas to keep change alive. Beyond Resistance. Retrieved June 22, 2007, from
Strategies for sustaining a change once it has been implemented, including addressing power-related issues, assessment, celebrating accomplishments, continuing to acquire and distribute digestible amounts of information, maintaining focus, organizational planning, painting vision, protecting the process, and symbolic action.

Patterson, Jerry. (2001, June). Resilience in the face of adversity: Five leadership strengths for moving forward personally and professionally in difficult times. The School Administrator. Retrieved June 22, 2007, from
Fantastic article from the American Association of School Administrators that outlines 5 strengths leaders can leverage to persevere in spite of resistance. Great for practitioners.

Sizer, Theodore R., & Nancy Faust Sizer. (1999). The students are watching: Schools and the moral contract. Boston, MA: Beacon Press. ISBN 0-8070-3121-6.

Thompson, Ann, G. Bull, & Jerry Willis. (1998). SITE position paper. Statement of basic principles and suggested actions (Ames White Paper). Available at

Web 2.0 Tools For Facilitating Change

Blogger - Use a variety of pre-made templates to create your own blogs that support the uploading of media-based content for free. Blogs can function as particularly effective tools for communicating rationales for change, sharing vision, initiating conversation about proposed change initiatives, and soliciting feedback (via the comments sections of each post). A collaborative blog with multiple authors can also be a powerful way to involve busy teachers in creating change by inviting them to express opinions, discuss important issues, and share ideas and information. - chericem1 chericem1

Google Alerts – Lets you have Google notify you via an e-mail message when anything is posted on the web on the topic of your choice. A super way to keep up with the latest changes in the profession. - chericem1 chericem1

Google Reader - After creating a free account, teachers can use this service to keep track of the webpages to which they have "subscribed" (for free and very easily) using RSS technology. A good way to keep up with changes in the profession. - chericem1 chericem1

Google Scholar – This search engine returns only scholarly articles and books, tells you how many people have cited them, and links you to related articles. Great for gathering credible information about factors that might affect change initiatives. - chericem1 chericem1

Go2Web2.0 Directory - A handy directory of Web 2.0 services leaders can use to facilitate change. - chericem1 chericem1

Jumpcut - Allows you to edit digital video for free online. Use it to help others envision the benefits of change. - chericem1 chericem1

Media Convert - Do you have trouble keeping up with changes in technology and find yourself unable to open the files others send you? This free, slick little online tool will let you identify a media file on your desktop or at a particular URL and convert it to the format of your choice simply by filling in a simple form. No registration required. - chericem1 chericem1

Motivator - Create your own motivational posters that extol the benefits of change for free with just a digital photo and a few clicks. Download the posters you create, e-mail them, print them, or upload them to Flickr. You can also order print copies. - chericem1 chericem1

Picnik - Absolutely fabulous, free, easy-to-use, extremely functional, online image editing software. Lets you rotate, crop, color, or edit photos and will soon offer special effects. Interfaces very well with Flicker. (Still in beta) Use it to take photos of existing practices and then edit them to help others envision the change you are advocating. - chericem1 chericem1

Quickmaps - Allows you to pinpoint locations on a Google map, title and annotate the map, draw on the map, save all your annotations, and then generates a code you can embed into your blog or website to display the map. Great for representing the geographical impact of change initiatives at the national level. - chericem1 chericem1

Skype – Free software that allows you to talk to anyone in the world (up to 4 people at once) through your computer for free with a cheap headset mic (like the telemarketers wear) as long as the other person also has the software. Great for group conversations about change initiatives. You can also call landlines or cell phones, but there is a charge for that. - chericem1 chericem1

Survey Monkey - A super survey tool for collecting information and opinions from stakeholders prior to initiating a change, and for collecting data in order to evaluate changes that have been implemented. The tool aggregates and tabulates the results for you. - chericem1 chericem1

Swicki - Free software that allows you to create a search engine on your site that will evolve the results over time to better serve users based on their click patterns. Super for tailoring your resources to the changing needs of those visiting your site. - chericem1 chericem1

Swivel - Lets you explore, compare, and share data regarding change initiatives. - chericem1 chericem1

The Amazing You Tube Tools Collection - A collection of tools to help those interested in using/publishing materials to YouTube. Great for those who are looking for ways to make successful changes more visible to the community. - chericem1 chericem1

Websites as Graphs - Lets you visualize the content of a website (in terms of images, tables, text, etc.) graphically. Useful for evaluating websites in terms of content and design issues. Take screenshots to capture growth and change in a website over time. - chericem1 chericem1

Wikispaces - Allows you to set up collaborative work spaces where multiple people can collaborate. Allows uploading of documents, files, images, and multimedia in addition to basic text, and includes discussion boards for every page, editing histories, revert options, RSS subscriptions, and the ability to review recent changes. Very useful for initiating, implementing, and sustaining change efforts. - chericem1 chericem1

Yugma - Free Web 2.0 videoconferencing software. (Read more about Tim Lauer's experiences with it here: An outstanding tool for collaborating to produce change. - chericem1 chericem1