This page contain a copy of the agenda we followed during Cherice Montgomery's presentation at the NNELL's Mentoring, Leadership, & Change Institute, along with links to related handouts, music, quizzes, videos, and other materials. - chericem1 chericem1


Literacy, Language, & Learning: A Rationale for Change

Emerging Technologies: A Rationale for Redefining Literacy

  • Surface Computing - Microsoft's new coffee table, complete with wireless transfer among devices!

Emerging Technologies: Implications for Language Teaching


iPod Interviews: (iPod experts stand, 2 additional participants join them to form groups of 3, each person interviews someone else on their iPods using the questions below as prompts. When finished, remove the earphones you are using, trade iPods with someone else, and listen to another person's interview. Listen to a total of 3 interviews.)

  • What was your biggest aha from this morning?
  • What implications does this have for your PERSONAL teaching and learning context?
  • One more question of your choice

Emerging Technologies: Implications for Learning

How might you envision using iPods in the classroom?

Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants by Marc Prensky - Say Something to a Partner

Literacy by Design: Why Is All This Technology So Important? - Think about this quote as you watch the video that follows:

“Seen any papyrus scrolls lately? . . . No? Guess why not? They used to be the very latest form of text, totally en vogue. The most literate people used them. But guess what? The scroll was supplanted—totally obliterated and replaced by a new kind of text: the medieval codex . . . . Been to the local library lately? Seen any codices? No? Why not? Because a new technology came along that made the codex totally and utterly obsolete. Yes, Gutenberg’s printing press and Gutenberg’s book created a completely new kind of writing space—one that was more efficient and effective. So the codex became history. And the scribes? They became obsolete, too! Do you want that to happen to you—or to your students?" (Wilhelm, 2000, pp. 5-6).

Emerging Technologies: Implications for Personal Change

Help Desk - Why was this video so hysterically funny? What implications does it have for your present personal and professional contexts?

The Cultural Triangle: A Framework for Understanding Change

Products, Practices, & Perspectives

The Cultural Triangle & Foreign Language

The Cultural Triangle & Fast Food

The Cultural Triangle & Digital Natives

Meaningful Mentoring

Capture Attention: You Raise Me Up - From Closer by Josh Groban (What does this song have to do with mentoring?)

Activate Prior Knowledge:

  • Think/Pair/Share - Share your mentoring experiences with a partner

Make Sense: Dimensionalizing Understanding

Data + connection to other data --> Information + Relation to other information --> Knowledge + Action --> Understanding + Experience --> Perspectives --> Learning = Changes in Behavior



Information: When bits of data are brought into relation with one another and connected in meaningful ways, they become information.

The transition from data to information is mediated by connection. As individual "factlets" become connected, they become recognizable as information. Individual letters, numbers, musical notes, or colors are not all that valuable until they are brought in relation to one another in particular ways that cause us to recognize them as information (such as words, numbers on a clock, notes in a chord, or a color-coded organizational system).

Knowledge: When pieces of information are connected in meaningful, patterned ways, they become knowledge.


The transition from information to knowledge is catalyzed by meaningful connections. Pieces of information become knowledge for us when they converge in ways that enable us to see patterns. We use these patterns (such as sentences in a paragraph, numbers in a mathematical formula, chords in a musical score, or colors on a palette) to extract meaning from our contact with these connected pieces of information. However, disconnected clumps of knowledge are not particularly influential in a complex world.

Understanding: When pieces of knowledge are contextualized in experience, they become dimensionalized in ways that produce understanding.


In order for knowledge to become understanding, it must be mediated by additional experience (such as reading a book, considering a mathematical proof, listening to a whole song, or viewing a painting).

Perspectives: When pieces of knowledge are connected across disciplines, they create paradigm shifts that enable the perspectives of expertise to emerge.

It is possible to understand something as a result of substantive experience with it over a long period of time, yet still fail to develop expertise. Because deep expertise is generally mediated by knowledge that spans multiple disciplines (Csikszentmihalyi, 1996; Florida, 2005), it is only as we begin to combine chunks of understanding and transfer them across disciplines and contexts that expertise emerges.

Make Meaning: Needs of Mentee - Support, Challenge, Vision

  • What kind of support?
  • What kind of challenge?
  • What kind of vision?

Encourage Involvement:

Learning-focused Conversations


  • Listen for the "meaning behind the words"
  • Avoid: Personal Referencing, Personal Curiosity, Personal Certainty

Validation - I Don't Have to Make Everything All Better!

Consider Closure:

Data-driven Feedback:

  • Is it non-judgmental?
  • Is it based on observable data?
  • Does it mediate thinking by helping the mentee to see patterns in circumstances and behavior (both positive and negative)?
  • Does it focus on things that are within the mentee's locus of control/sphere of influence?
  • Does it help the mentee to see what to do next (in terms of the VERY NEXT step) and does it provide the support the mentee needs in order to accomplish that?
  • Does it invite additional, learning-focused conversation?

Give Show That You Know Homework:

Complete the Building Leadership Capacity Self-Assessment Rubric - From Building Leadership Capacity by Linda Lambert

How might we apply these mentoring techniques to our work with students?

Leading Learning

We Won't Give Up - From the Black History Tour Group

Leadership Orientations Instrument

Four Corners Exercise

Discussion of Building Leadership Capacity Self-Assessment - From Building Leadership Capacity by Linda Lambert

Seven Norms of Collaborating: A Toolkit

Designing for Change

Perspectives: Getting Outside of the Box

Hooper, Don W. (2001, October). Virtual learning, in the box or out? The School Administrator. Retrieved June 28, 2007, from

Here's to the Crazy Ones

Language Learning Gains Second Life

Practices: Getting Innovations Into The Box

Stages of Innovation - In order to advocate effectively, it is important to understand that your audience is likely to be comprised of a number of different groups with distinct characteristics, each of which needs an approach tailored to their specific needs and concerns.

Landscape of the Technology Adoption Cycle (Bell Curve of Adopters) - What are some of the ways that advocacy can be used to bridge the chasm between early adopters and the early majority?

Phases of Adoption - By considering how the perspective of each person you encounter corresponds to the yellow chart in this article, you can better identify where they are on the adoption continuum regarding the initiative you are proposing and what kind of support they need in order to move to the next phase.

Elevator Advocacy in 30 Seconds or Less:

Products: Resistance

Change & the Walls of Resistance - This graphic demonstrates the key role that perspective plays in the change process and illustrates the high cost of a major shift in perspective

Where Do Change Initiatives Break Down? - Knowing-Doing Gap - A great synopsis of some of the factors that keep people who know what to do from doing it.

Beyond Resistance Article - Outlines 3 majors reasons people resist and offers suggestions for addressing each one.

Designing for Change: Getting Around the Wall with Paradigm Shifts (The Power of Combining Design & Emerging Technologies)

Rhetorical Triangle - This graphic depicts 3 key elements that must be considered when designing advocacy efforts designed to produce change

Stages of Change, Enabling Factors, & Channels - This graphic lists the stages of change, the kind of support that is needed at each level, and the kind of media that is most well-suited to providing that support.

Text & Graphical Layout - FANTASTIC summary of the what, why, & how of basic principles of graphic design from the Non-designer's Design Book by Robin Williams. Beautiful design, solid visual examples and non-examples, each principle in its own tab, but all visible from the homepage.

Basic Principles of Visual Design - A one-page PDF handout that outlines the basic principles of graphic design (proximity, alignment, repetition, and contrast) from The Non-designer's Design Book by Robin Williams that are explained in the site above.

The Principles of Design - Expands on the 4 basic principles of design (Proximity, Alignment, Repetition, & Contrast) and includes examples and links to resources that emphasize the cognitive and psychological bases of the PARC principles.

Integrating Technology in the Foreign Language Classroom - Summary of the PARC principles as applied to the FL classroom (by Jean LeLoup & Bob Pontiero)

The Power of Design: Running the Numbers - An American Self Portrait - Demonstrates the power of visual imagery

Advocating for Change:

  • Communication (with Clarity) - Does the organization communicate its message clearly around a conceptual focus? Can we tell what the organization does, why that should matter to individual audience members, and how the audience can become involved with the mission of the organization?
  • Cultures (& Consistency) - Are the messages that the public receives from individuals within the organization and the culture surrounding the organization consistent?
  • Connections - Do individual members of the organization involve their personal, professional, and social connections in creating a large network of advocacy efforts?
  • Comparisons - Do the images, words, and symbols that represent the organization and its activities influence the audience on both an affective and cognitive level? (In other words, do they make sense? Are they emotionally meaningful to the viewer in a way that motivates personal change and public action?)
  • Communities - Are the accomplishments, activities, benefits, personnel, philosophies, and programs of the organization continually visible to a wide variety of audiences in the community? Does the organization invite the community into its activities and take its activities out into the community?
  • Unity of Products, Practices, & Perspectives - Do the members of the organization work collectively to pursue their vision and purposes for the organization through clearly defined products (We distribute . . . brochures, newsletters, websites), practices (We engage in . . . community events, informal conversations with parents, special events , and perspectives?

Publicizing Your Professionalism

  • Resumes
  • Websites
    • Google Page Creator - Choose a template, enter your text, and publish your page with this free, easy-to-use, online tool from Google.

Publicizing Your Program

  • Coloring Books
    • Dumpr - This free online suite of tools allows you to edit your Flickr photos in order to turn them into coloring book images (VERY COOL), make them look old, turn them into globes, or add reflections. You can then save them to your Flickr account. (Still in beta)

    • Generator Blog - A fantastic blog that contains links to all sorts of free, interesting generators (such as cereal boxes, insurance cards, money, etc.) that would be great tools for students to use in creating creative advertising campaigns

  • Scrapbooks
    • Scrapblog - Combines the purposes and multimedia features of blogging with the visual affordances of scrapbooking. Comes with built-in templates and can accommodate music and video too

    • VoiceThread - Easy way to connect photos and voices--particularly useful for emphasizing language without ignoring visual (in FL classes, for example). Would also be great for capturing family history.

  • T-shirts
    • - Type in a website and it will generate a word cloud for a t-shirt based on the most commonly used words on the site that you can customize.

Additional Tools for Facilitating Vision

Cmap - Free, online collaborative concept mapping. Useful for brainstorming, curriculum mapping, organizing large projects, and planning events with large groups of people. - chericem1 external image chericem1-sm.jpg